Gum diseases, known medically as periodontology; It is the branch of science in which the diseases of the supporting tissues that hold the teeth are treated. Healthy gums are an important part of an aesthetic smile. Problems such as gum diseases can threaten a healthy appearance. Modern dentistry offers a number of options for effectively treating gum disease.
Gum Disease Treatments
Gum disease refers to inflammation and infections of the gums. There are common types such as gingivitis (inflammation of the gums) and periodontitis (gum infection). Diseases can lead to bleeding, swelling, redness of the gums and even tooth loss.
Symptoms of gum disease vary depending on the problem and how advanced the problem is. The most common symptoms of gum diseases can be listed as follows:
- Red, tender and swollen gums
- Constant bad breath
- Inflammatory discharge between teeth and gums
- Bleeding gums while brushing teeth
- Change in denture fit
- Gums that easily move away from the teeth
The first step in treating gum disease is a professional teeth cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist. The cleaning process removes dental plaque and tartar, thus controlling the growth of bacteria that harm gum health.
Surgical intervention may be required in severe gum diseases. Interventions may include gum grafts, tooth root planing, and periodontal surgery. All procedures are performed to restore gum health. Advanced gum disease requires expanding treatment options. Gum surgery, that is, gingival flap surgery, may be required to reduce the depth of periodontal pockets or to regain the bone tissue that has begun to disappear.
In addition to treating gum diseases, it is important to diagnose them early to prevent them. To maintain gum health, regular tooth brushing, flossing and regular dentist check-ups are necessary.
Gum disease treatments are of critical importance for an aesthetic smile. Treatments protect your teeth by restoring the gums to a healthy state. The best way to prevent gum disease is regular oral hygiene and dentist visits.